Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. It is a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Also, Its role is to aid in semen production and urine control in men. When it becomes cancerous, it will definitely affect both the urinary and sexual performance. Regular screening is the best way for early detection and diagnosis to avoid spreading. In this article, I’ll highlight some of the causes, signs and symptoms, risk factors, treatments, prevention and finally, complications of this condition.
Prostate cancer is caused when there is mutations in your DNA, or genetic material, leading to the growth of cancerous cells. In addition, the mutations cause cells in your prostate to start growing uncontrollably and abnormally. The abnormal and cancerous cells continue to grow and divide until a tumor develops.
These factors can predispose you:
Age. As you grow, your risk of prostate cancer increases
Race. Being black also puts you at a greater risk of prostate cancer. It is more likely to be aggressive and advanced in blacks.
Obesity. Risk of prostate cancer is increased in obese men.
Family history. Finally, your risk of prostate cancer may increase if men in your family have had it
Signs and Symptoms
- frequent urination
- difficulty commencing and maintaining urination
- presence of blood in urine
- pain during urination
- pain during ejaculation
- difficulty in achieving or maintaining an erection
Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill rapidly growing cells, including cancer cells.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy to kill cancer cells.
Surgery to remove the prostate
Hormone therapy. This method is also used to stop or cut the body from producing testosterone which the prostate cancer cells rely on to grow.
There’s no proven strategy for the prevention of prostate cancer. However, one can reduce their risk of prostate cancer by making healthy choices like exercising frequently, maintaining a healthy weight and eating a healthy diet.
Finally, when prostate cancer is not managed or treated, it can spread to nearby organs. These organs can be your bladder, bones or also travel through your bloodstream or lymphatic system. Once it spreads widely, it may be controlled, but it’s unlikely to be cured.
Incontinence. It can cause fecal or urinary incontinence.
Erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction can also result from this condition.
Remember, regular screening is the best way to detect it.
Mayo clinic staff